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Drugs > L.S.D.

Editors Comments:
During the 1960's the C.I.A. in America funded experiments where psychiatric patients were given LSD in conjunction with electric shock therapy. The results were that those recipients of this treatment had their brains fried and most spent the rest of their lives in institutions, some are still there..

Also at this time renowned people such as Timothy Leary and Fritz Pearls researched the effects of LSD as part of a research into the nature of the mind and as a way to unlock the doors of perception within the human mind. In the process they came to recognise the similarities between drug use and altered states of consciousness found in meditation.

Since the 1950's most popular music
groups have used drugs for inspiration

Inside LSD
This documentary overviews lsd and highlights its healing potential including clinical trials.

LSD is a very low cost drug to manufacture and in its pure form has fewer side effects. However manufacturers seem to always mix in other compounds such as PCP and DMT as well as arsenic and other compounds. It is thought that these other compounds cause most of the side effects although this is disputed by some manufacturers. ED.

What is LSD?
LSD is an odourless, colourless and tasteless drug. It is sold on the streets in many forms: tablets, capsules, liquid, or thin squares of gelatin (called window panes) or absorbent paper squares, such as blotting paper. Usually called a ticket, the paper is divided into small decorated squares, each representing a dose. These tickets come in many different designs - Snoppy, Garfield, Superman, strawberries, flowers and a variety of animals and cartoom characters well known to children. Those designs are made to make LSD more attractive to children. Tickets can also be just a plain colour, with dotted lines where each dose is indicated.

LSD is manufactured from lysergic acid which is found in ergot, a fungus that grows on rye and other grains. It is one of the most potent mind-altering chemicals known to man. LSD is considered a very dangerous drug as it stays in the body for long periods. The effects may be reactivated again when the user is placed in a stressful situation. The user has no control over when and if a flashback may occur.

During the 1960s, LSD became popular as a mind expanding-hallucinogenic drug. The popularity of this drug vegan to decrease as its potency and unpredictable side effect became known. In the last few years the popularity of LSD has increased. Teens today do not know of LSDís bad reputation and mistakenly think it is safer than marijuana or cocaine. They use LSD for the visual stimulation, sheer entertainment or simply to get high.

What are Hallucinogens?
Are mind-altering hallucinogenic substances that distorts the userís sensations, thinking, self-awareness, emotions and perceptions of reality. Hallucinogens or psychedelics include such drugs as LSD, PCP, mescaline, found in some cactus, and psilocybin, found in what is known as magic mushrooms or M & M.

What are the effects of LSD?
After the drug is swallowed there is a gradual build-up of physical symptoms. The effects are unpredictable. They depend on the amount taken, the userís personality, mood, emotional level and surroundings when the drug is used. The LSD affects the userís sense of hearing, sight, touch, body image, time and emotions. The user can experience rapid swings from one mood to another. It is not uncommon for them to laugh hysterically, then suddenly become very sad, depressed and even cry for no apparent reason. The psychological effects of the drug can be felt 30-90 minutes after taking it. The LSD "high" or "trip" is uncontrollable and can last from 8-12 hours. The responses of LSD cannot be predicted. This makes it an extremely powerful and dangerous drug.

Other physical effects include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Higher body temperature
  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Sweating
  • Sleeplessness
  • Tremors
  • Numbness
  • Muscle twitching
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Mystical/cosmic experiences
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry mouth
Sensations and feelings change. The next day after the use of LSD, users often feel very depressed. They may feel several different emotions at once or swing rapidly from one emotion to another. Sensations may seen to "cross over" giving the user the feeling of "hearing" colours and "seeing" sounds. All of these changes can be frightening and cause panic. It is not known if someone can overdose or "OD" on LSD. When death occurs, it is usually due to accident or suicide, rather than an overdose.

What is a "bad" trip?
Having a bad psychological reaction to LSD and similar drugs is common. The scary sensation may last a few minutes or several hours and be frightening or terrifying. The user may experience panic, confusion, suspiciousness, anxiety, feelings of helplessness, and loss of control. Sometimes taking a hallucinogen such as LSD can unmask mental or emotional problems that were previously unknown to the user. Flashbacks occur when the user experiences the drugís effects without taking the drug again. These flashbacks which vary widely intensity and duration can recur days, weeks, months and even years after the drug is taken. LSD can shatter what was once a strong hold on reality. During a "bummer trip" the user can freak out, react to loud noises and self mutilate.

What are the effects of heavy use?
Research has shown some changes in the mental functions of users of LSD. Users sometimes develop signs of organic brain damage, such as impaired memory and attention span, mental confusion, and difficulty with abstract thinking. These signs may be strong or they may be subtle. The user can build a tolerance to LSD or a cross tolerance when using with other hallucinogenics. It is not yet known whether such mental changes are permanent or if they disappear when LSD use is stopped.

Hallucinogens and the Brain
LSD interferes with the function of serotonin, a chemical transmitted substance in the brain.

The release of transmitter substances facilitate the receiving and the relaying of messages between neurons (nerve cells). The effects can be either excitatory or inhibitory. Each transmitter substance has a specific receptor site, which regulates the amount of chemical that is released.

Serotonin generally has an inhibitory effect and plays a role in the regulation of mood and in the control of eating, sleep and arousal. Serotonin is also involved in the regulation of pain and the control of dreaming.

LSD stimulates the serotonin receptors, leading to hallucinations, vivid after images, distortions of perception and eventually paranoia and panic.

Furthermore, LSD molecules are reabsorbed by the neuron and subsequently released again by those cells, thus accounting for repeated "flashback" activity and persistent perceptual distortion.

Neuron - A Nerve Cell
The individual nerve cell or neuron, is the basic unit that carries out the work of the nervous system. To receive and relay messages accurately, each neuron must be capable of performing 10 essential reactions in a thousandth of a second.

Any substance which alters sensations, mood, thought, or coordinated activity, interferes with normal cell function at any of these 10 major sites. LSD alters neural activity by stimulating the serotonin reactors during the first step fo synaptic transmission, thus interrupting ALL subsequent reactions.





 

Drugs Index
Methanphtamine
LSD
Other Drugs
 

 
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